Tanzania recognizes that realizing gender equality is a necessary step towards attaining sustainable socio-economic development. The Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania of 1977 guarantees equality between men and women and support their full participation in social, economic and political life. Cognizant to this commitment, the Government established the Ministry of Community Development, Gender and Children as national gender machinery in 1990 which among other things facilitated the formulation of the Women and Gender Development Policy (2000) and its National Strategy for Gender Development (2005). The aim of this policy is to ensure that gender perspective is mainstreamed into all plans, policies, strategies, programs and budgets.
As a result, Tanzania has mainstreamed gender into a number of national development frameworks and ratified international as well as regional gender instruments. Some of these frameworks include the National Development Vision 2025 and the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (NSGRP II) also known as MKUKUTA II. The country is also a party to Universal Declaration on Human Rights (1948); United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) (1979); Beijing Platform for Action (1995); SADC Gender Declaration (1997); Charter on the Rights of Women in Africa (2003); SADC Protocol on Gender and Development of 2008; and the Millennium Development Goals.
Significant achievements towards gender equality have been recorded. Some of these are increase in percentage of women Member of Parliament and women Ministers. The Land Act No. 4 of 1999 and Village Land Act No. 5 (1999) and Water Resource Management Act No. 11 of 2009 were adopted to ensure equal rights between men and women. The enrolment rates in primary and secondary schools for boys and girls have also become relatively equal.
Despite the achievements made so far, climate change poses challenges towards realization of gender equality and sustainable development. The vulnerability of communities and our nation to the impact of climate
change poses a direct threat to our people’s livelihood and widens the gender gaps. So far, there are a number of initiatives to address adverse impact of climate change in the country but what has been lacking is a systematic gender mainstreaming into climate change adaptation related policies, plans, strategies, programs and budgets.
This guideline provides a systematic approach to mainstreaming gender into Climate Change Adaptation related plans, policies, strategies, programs, and budgets for MDAs, LGAs, CSOs and private sector to ensure gender equality in addressing climate change. I, therefore, call upon all key stakeholders to use the guidelines in facilitating gender mainstreaming into climate change adaptation initiatives in their respective areas of jurisdiction.
Hon. Sophia M. Simba (MP.)
MINISTER FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, GENDER AND CHILDREN