The National Road Map Strategic Plan To Accelerate Reduction of Maternal, Newborn and Child Deaths in 2008-2015
The total population of Mainland Tanzania is estimated to be 39,384,223 (as of July 2007)1. Most of the population (75%) resides in the rural area. The annual growth rate is 2.9% with life expectancy at birth being 54 years for males and 56 years for females2. The total fertility rate in Tanzania has been consistently high over the past ten years and currently stands at 5.7 children per woman. There are regional variations with urban-rural disparities, where rural women have higher fertility rates than their urban counterparts3.